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Asian Yachtmasters
Coastal Yachtmaster
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The aim of this course is to confirm basic skills and develop confidence through further techniques. It will be assumed that every student starting this course has already mastered the practical skills and absorbed the background knowledge implied in the AY Levels 1 & 2 Syllabus. Trained AY Instructors will give practical tuition.

By the end of the course, the successful sailor will have a competent, safe, practical approach when in charge of a yacht and will be capable of sailing and making seamanlike decisions in moderate conditions up to 200 nautical miles offshore. Practical work will be assessed on a continuous basis and an oral interview with short written papers will be used as the basis for theory assessment.

Level 3 Course Completion Certificates will be awarded by the AY Instructor or the Principle of the Yachting Center to students as the Practical and Theory Sections are completed.

Coastal Yachtmaster - Certificate of Competency
(Endorsements up to 20m LOA and 200nm from the coast)

Will be awarded by a AY Examiner after completing a One-day Assessment and the Level 3 - Practical and Theory Syllabus is satisfactorily completed.

COASTAL YACHTMASTER - ONE DAY ASSESSMENT

Coastal Yachtmaster candidates (Up to 20m LOA) are asked to present at least 2,500nm logged evidence as skipper or crew or at least two or three seasons club experience to be qualified for assessment.

He/she will satisfactorily demonstrate the whole of Section A - L3 Practical Syllabus, with a competent, realistic and purposeful approach to sailing, including man overboard procedures. They will, whilst afloat and ashore, be able to satisfactorily answer relevant questions on Section B - L3 Theory Syllabus.

Individual items of the Level 3 Coastal Yachtmaster syllabus and endorsements can be signed off by a AY Examiner to the level of certification required (eg. Motor MY or Sailing SY, Boat Length and navigation methods) during the assessment period.

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Section A

L3 PRACTICAL SYLLABUS

1. RIGGING

Rigging the yacht using all the boat's normal equipment.
Boat Tuning - Sail Controls - Mainsail Outhaul - Boomvang (kicking strap)
Telltales - Sheeting Angle - Barber Hauler - Cunningham Eye - Traveler
Raking & Pre-bending the mast, backstay/runners, Tuning your Rig, Rigger
 

2. ROPEWORK

Use of Winches. The 1-2-3 Method
Handling braided lines in Ropework - Heat sealing.
Eye Splice. Fisherman's Bend.

3. SAILING TECHNIQUES
and MANEUVERS

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Techiques & Maneuvers

Spinnaker Handling

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REEFING AFLOAT
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Anchoring



Techniques & Maneuvers
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Techniques & Maneuvers
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  Towing a Yacht 
Crew Organization and Co-ordination
Man Over Board Recovery
Sailing to best advantage - The Five Essentials
Sail Setting - Boat balance - Fore and Aft Trim
Centerboard Position - Course Made Good

Windward Sailing: Windex, Telltales, Instruments and Windshifts

Spinnaker Handling - Hoisting and Lowering the Spinnaker
Leeward Spinnaker Hoist (7 easy steps)
Windward Spinnaker Hoist (6 easy steps)
Windward Spinnaker Drop (4 easy steps)
Leeward Spinnaker Drop (4 easy steps)
Gybing the Spinnaker (5 easy steps)

Reefing Afloat - slab / points or roller (Seven Easy Steps)
Heaving To – 'Hove To' Position. Preparation. Leeway / Forereaching.

Anchoring - Principles and Techniques.
Selecting a Anchorage (5 easy steps)
Methods of Anchoring.
When wind and tides are in similar directions (5 easy steps)
When wind and tide are opposed (8 easy steps).
Clearing Fouled Anchor.
Grounding and Recovery. Need for prompt action.
Aground Heeling and trim. Kedging Off.
Inland sailing - Basic Advice. Permits. Local Bylaws.
Overhead power lines. Locks and weirs.

Leaving and Returning to a Mooring or Jetty (under Power/Sail)
Approaching a Mooring – Wind and Tide together (7 easy steps)
Leaving a Mooring – Wind and Tide together (4 easy steps)
Approaching a Mooring– Wind and Tide opposed (6 easy steps)
Leaving a Mooring – Wind and Tide opposed (5 easy steps).
Making fast to Mooring Buoys

Coming Alongside a moored boat, pontoon or jetty.
Leaving a jetty with Onshore and Offshore Winds.
Approaching a jetty with Onshore Wind.
Approaching a jetty with Offshore Wind.

Making Fast Alongside

Sailing a Circular Course. Sailing Backwards
Stern To Landing (4 easy steps)
Awareness of Lee Shore Dangers

Towing a Yacht Passing a Tow. Securing a Towline.
Methods of Towing

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Section B

L3 & 4 THEORY SYLLABUS

 

4. RACING STRATEGY
Page 1 Click Here

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Page 2 Racing Strategy
Clich Here

Racing Strategy Competent Skipper. Boat Speed. Start in Clear Air. Taking advantage of wind and current variations to windward.
Rounding marks effectively. Achieve Top Speed
Use wind shifts appropriately on the runs.
Consistency. Avoiding mistakes and patiently recovering from errors of Judgement. Psychological Approach. Confidence. Mental Toughness.
Elements of Strategy Specialists. Sailing All Out, All the Time
Before Starting and During a Race. Establishing a Plan.
Windward Beat. Reaching. First Three Leg
During a Race Series Conservative Approach

Strategies in Finishing a Race or Series.
Beating the boats that have to be beaten. Advantageous Sailing.
Scoring System. Using Match-Racing Tactics
Eight Basic Strategies in obtaining a Series Victory.

 

5. SAILING THEORY
and BACKGROUND
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Equip Navigation.JPG (4145 bytes)

 

Navigation Plotting Equipment: Dividers, Compasses, Plotter
Protractors, Parallel Rulers, Sextant, Chronometer
Charts & Sailing Directions
Charts. Latitude & Longitude. Nautical Mile. Small Scale Charts.
Large Scale Charts. Chart 5011. Chart Symbols. Notices to Mariners
Hydrographic Services. Sailing Directions.
Chart Projections Mercator. Great Circle.

Working Knowledge of the IALA Bouyage System.
Lateral Buoyage and Cardinal Buoyage
Sea Terms:The Boat - Amidships - Bow - Stern - Quarter - Port
Starboard - Fore and Aft.
Position Relative to the Boat: Windward - Leeward - Abeam - Ahead - Astern - To weather - Forward - Aft - Downwind.
Boat Maneuvers: Tacking - Gybing - In Irons - By the Lee - Planing - To Luff - Bear Away - Pinching - Sternway - Broaching.

 

6. NAVIGATION

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Electronic Navigation
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Tidal Navigation
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Navigation - The Four Principal Techniques
1. Dead Reckoning 2. Piloting 3. Celestial Navigation
4. Electronic Navigation

Position, Direction & Speed on the Earth's Surface
Line of Position. Fix. Navigation in Pilotage Waters.
Dead Reckoning (DR) and Estimated Position (EP).
Strategy of Course Laying. (In 3 easy steps)

Fixing the Position. Running Fix. Horizontal Angles. Three-arm Protractor use. Navigation Aids.
Fixing Position by Bearings. Visual Piloting. Estimated Position.
'Cocked Hat'. Fixing Position by Transits.

Celestial Navigation. Declination. Hour Angle. Nautical Almanacs. Measurement of Time. Astronomical Triangle. Spherical Trigonometry. Circle of Equal Altitude.

Electronic Navigation Methods
Radio. Direction Finder (D/F). Aural Null.
Satellite Navigation Systems. GPS. INMARSAT. Iridium. Nera.
Computers to Sea. PCs. Powering PCs. Power Savings.
Power Sources. Protection. Notebooks at Sea.
Powering Notebooks Onboard. Marinised Computers.
Peripherals. Interference Problems. The Future.

The effect of Tides, Tidal Streams and Ocean Currents
Causes of Tides. Spring Tides and Neap tides.
Standard Ports. Local Tide Tables
Chart Datum. Lowest Astronomical Tide. Range.
Rule of Twelfths - Working Example.
Tidal Diamonds. Tidal Stream Atlases. Pilot Books.

 

7. YACHTS EQUIPMENT

 

Equip Instruments SY.JPG (7748 bytes)

Engines MY

Electronic Navigation Instruments
Speed and Distance Logs: Types and principles of operation.
Deck Log: Layout of log, hourly and occasional entries.
Importance of log as yachts official document.
Echo Sounder, Lead Line. Depth Sounding. Principle of operation.
Making a Lead Line. Reduction of soundings
The Magnetic Compass: Steering and Hand Bearing Compasses.
Allowance for Variation. Isogonic Lines. Agonic Line. 'Lubber Line'
Causes of Deviation. 'Swinging the Compass'
Producing a Deviation Chart
Gyrocompass. Azimuth Circle.
 

Radar: Target. Basic Operation. Echo Signals. Transmitters

Small Engines. Basic Mechanical Work & Engineering
Diesel Engine: Components. Starter Motor. How It Works.
Compression Ratio. Cold Starts. Diesel Fuel.

8. METEOROLOGY

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Weather Information. Local conditions - Sea Breeze
Sources & Type of Information - H.F. & VHF Radio - Local Radio
Stations - TV Forecasts - Telephone Forecasts - Local Press
Coastguards and Harbor Masters - Gale Warnings

Main characteristics of High and Low Pressure areas.
Significance of major changes in Barometric Pressure
Beaufort Wind Scale

9. RULES OF THE SEA

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International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea
Port and Starboard Power / Sail driven vessels meeting
In narrow channels. Action by Stand - On Vessel

ISAF Racing Rules - definitions, fundamental rules, protests.

Yacht Ownership Papers, Registration Certificate and Insurance Status

 

10. Personal SAFETY
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Sea SAFETY

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Fires on boats
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Level 1 & 2 FIRST AID
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L3 & 4 First Aid


Personal Safety:
Lifejacket - Buoyancy Aid
Safety Harnesses and Lifelines.
Clothing. Foul Weather Gear. Deck Knife. Shackle Key
Yachts Basic Equipment: Bilge Pumps Toilet.
Domestic Galley Equipment (if fitted)

Sea Safety Basic Safety Equipment
Distress signals or in Need of Assistance
Signaling: Ability to recognize the alphabetical flags
and numeral pennants of the International Code of Signals.
Knowledge of the meaning and use of important single letters
of the International Flag Alphabet.

International Morse Code. Ability to recognize the Morse symbols for letters and numerals by light and sound.
Able to transmit Morse signals by light. S O S

Fires on Boats At the Fire Extinguishers for Class B Fire.
Extinguishers for Class C Fires Electrical Fires

First Aid Initial Assessment and Treatment
Recovery Position. How to Treat Shock.
Safety First
First Aid & Medical Kit and its use.
Motion Seasickness. Scurvy.
A working knowledge of: How to Stop Bleeding

Expired Air Resuscitation.
How to Treat Hypothermia.

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